National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System Permit
MS4 Permit No. NE0133671

Annual Report September 1, 2015 – August 31, 2016 Permit Year 4 of 5 City of Lincoln, Nebraska

N Street Cycle Project - Pervious Pavers N Street Cycle Project - Pervious Pavers

Public Works and Utilities Watershed Management Division

Reporting Requirements Summary

The City of Lincoln is required by federal law to comply with the provisions of the Federal Clean Water Act. In Nebraska, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has given the Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality the authority to implement the conditions of the Clean Water Act and the responsibility to insure that municipalities in Nebraska are compliant.

The City of Lincoln complies with these mandated regulations through a State-issued National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES permit PDF). On December 26, 2012 the City was re-issued an NPDES permit by the State of Nebraska, allowing municipal stormwater discharges to local waterways and lakes for the time period 2013-2017.

The following is a list of programs the City has implemented to comply with the State’s requirements for Lincoln’s municipal stormwater NPDES permit. Each program (numbered 1-8) contains a link to an EPA website to provide a summarized description of the requirements. The items listed below are non-inclusive of all efforts made by the City in the 2015-16 fiscal year. The permit year for 2016 ends on December 31, 2016

This is a summary of the City’s efforts reported to the Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality for the period beginning on September 1, 2015 and ending August 31, 2016. Note: The City’s fiscal year, which ended August 31, 2016, is slightly different than the NPDES permit year 2015, which ends December 31, 2016.

1. Public Education and Outreach PDF

In this permit year the City put on ten rain barrel and rain garden classes through the local community college and at community events.

Rain Barrel

The Parks and Recreation Department provided several programs for elementary school students and the general public which described positive and negative impacts humans have on the environment. These classes were attended by 9,211 students and their adult leaders.

The City posted four billboards promoting the importance of picking up pet waste, recycling programs and reporting illegal dumping.

Pet Waste Billboard

The City of Lincoln gave away over 50 copies of a booklet Best Management Practices PDF specifically created for individual and small construction sites. Copies of the booklet were provided to local builders and contractors.

The City requires a “No Dumping – Drains to Creek” design imprint into all new precast concrete top sections of storm drains and manhole covers.

No Dumping - Drains to Creek

The City educated 90 people on methods for making their own compost.

Watershed Management staff distributed a stormwater “NebGuide” (a series of brochures for installing PDF, designing PDF and landscaping PDF of rain gardens). The City continues to have these brochures printed for distribution.

The City conducted public meetings for 12 basin planning, watershed master plans, and watershed projects. Invitations were also sent to land owners, various organizations and governmental agencies.

The City made 1,000 cubic yards of compost available free to the public.

The City website was updated by various departments regarding stormwater.

2. Public Participation and Involvement PDF

The Health Department provided ten Household Hazardous Waste collection drives in the 2015-16 fiscal year.

Two hundred fifty-eight people took part in 24 Adopt A Stream clean up events.

Watershed Management manned a booth at the Spring Home and Garden Show, providing stormwater quality and flooding information to the public. It is estimated 600 people stopped by to ask questions or take a survey.

The City put on a program to accept recyclable materials at various locations. Four thousand four hundred thirty-one tons of recyclable materials were collected, including: newspapers, paper, cardboard, glass, tin and aluminum cans. This program was associated with the City of Lincoln’s Waste Reduction and Recycling Program.

2016 Guide to Waste Reduction and Recycling

The Earth Wellness Festival is an elementary school level program for area fifth graders. It is a one day event where school kids take part in hands on experiments, attend classes and receive information on environmentally based topics. This year’s event was attended by approximately 3,500 students.

Earth Wellness Festival

The Lincoln Public Schools and area schools provide curriculum for recycling and ecology based classes. Garbology is an ecology based program that includes water quality components. The classes were provided to 4,432 area second graders.

The Earth Day Coalition held “Earth Day” on April 23, 2016. The event was attended by approximately 2,000 people.

Persons dropped off 15,666 gallons oil, 5,273 tons or recyclable materials associated with the City of Lincoln’s Waste Reduction and Recycling Program.

3. Illicit Discharge/Disposal PDF

June to August 2016, 57 storm drains in Lincoln were monitored for pollutants. Samples were taken at 48 of those sites to detect potential illicit and illegal connections to the storm drain system. Monitoring locations shown in Figure 1 PDF.

Public Works Drainage Maintenance crews reported seepages or septic water intrusion into the storm drain system.

The Lincoln Fire Department’s Hazardous Materials (HazMat) team responded to 233 calls to conduct spill containment for hazardous materials spills. The Health Department conducts investigations and enforcement for HazMat responses as appropriate (some locations are shown on Figure 2 PDF).

The Health Department responded to 99 illicit discharge incidences. Of those responses, 65 had the potential to impact stormwater and 51 actually did (some locations shown on Figure 2 PDF). Four of these resulted in an enforcement action.

Illicit Discharge

4. Construction Site Stormwater Programs PDF

The Watershed Management Division maintains a database for tracking permits for construction site activity. All of the investigations conducted by Watershed Management were logged in a database and mapped (see Figure 3 PDF).

Watershed Management sent 186 “Notices” to site owners for miscellaneous violations. Compliance was achieved in most cases. Development areas needing grading certificates were inspected to verify the site was graded and erosion and sediment control measures were installed according to the plan submitted to the City. A total of 19 grading certificate inspections were conducted (see Figure 4 PDF).

On-site education was provided to construction site owners when City staff became aware of sediment in the public right-of-way.


Watershed Management staff educated 52 people regarding sediment and erosion control compliance.

Watershed Management presented at the Public Works “Annual Spring Meeting” on post construction information related to regulations to be implemented in 2016. Approximately 221 Public Works staff were in attendance.

5. Post Construction Runoff Control PDF

Property owners installed 29 Best Management Practices that included rain gardens and other types of infiltrating mediums through a City Program with a (50/50) cost share from the Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality.

Thirty-eight Retention/Detention Ponds PDF were inspected to assess their functionality with regard to reducing pollutants from stormwater run-off and flood control (locations shown on Figure 5 PDF).

6. Pollution Prevention and Good Housekeeping PDF

The City designed, and or constructed, stormwater water quality projects at various locations. A few examples of these projects were the Municipal Services Center vehicle washing station for street sweepers, vacuum trucks, and dump trucks and the N Street Cycle Track Project. Both were completed in 2016.

All residential streets (7,720 curb miles) were cleaned with street sweepers three times per year on a rotating schedule of locations. All arterial streets were cleaned with street sweepers at a rate of typically once every two weeks (5,977 curb miles).

All business districts were cleaned with street sweepers, typically once every four days (1,565 curb miles).

The combined street sweeping of all types of streets listed above produced 3,640 tons of landfill material, or about 280 dump truck loads (typical 10 cubic yard capacity truck). This material would have ended up in local streams, creeks and retention ponds if not collected by street sweepers.

City crews inspected 138 manholes, 1,969 inlets and 48,057 linear feet of piped storm drainage systems to ensure that the City storm drain system is in good repair and that no sanitary lines connect to them.

In this permit year, the Health Department conducted inspections for 20 of the City’s 20 municipal facilities that are required to be inspected under EPA’s “Good Housekeeping” program (see Figure 6 PDF).

7. Industrial and Related Facilities

The Health Department continued the process of determining which industries in Lincoln (according to federal Standard Industrial Classification listing) will require an annual inspection. The Health Department updated the list in the 2015-16 permit year.

The Health Department inspected 99 industries that met the requirements to have an industrial inspection (see Figure 7 PDF).

8. Monitoring Program PDF

The City and the University of Lincoln Civil Engineering College developed and implemented a monitoring program which focused on the Antelope Creek watershed and the known pollutants associated in the Antelope Creek watershed (e.g. e-coli, total suspended sediments, nutrients, selenium). The water quality monitoring took place at 11 locations in Antelope Creek (see Figure 8 PDF).