Lincoln Biochar Initiative

Biochar is a charcoal-like substance produced from wood waste that can be used as a beneficial soil amendment. It is a lightweight, black material derived from biomass heated to high temperatures in an environment devoid of oxygen. It is composed of high levels of stable, mineralized carbon - typically over 75% by mass.

Sunken Gardens(JPG, 366KB) Biochar was applied to Lincoln's Sunken Gardens in spring of 2022

Lincoln’s plan is to capture community wood waste – including trees removed due to the Emerald Ash Borer – for biochar production and use it to support tree plantings, urban agriculture, public gardens, composting, and stormwater treatment. Lincoln will build its first biochar production facility working closely with the Nebraska Forest Service (NFS), the University of Nebraska, and other stakeholders. The City is currently completing a feasibility study and design work for a processing facility which is scheduled to be operational by the summer of 2023. The University of Nebraska and the NFS have spent nearly 10 years testing and analyzing biochar, and NFS is contributing $100,000 to the Lincoln Biochar Initiative.

Lincoln is one of seven cities in the U.S. and Europe chosen to adopt a biochar project from Stockholm, Sweden, which won the 2014 Bloomberg Philanthropies’ Mayors Challenge. Lincoln will receive up to $400,000 in funding and technical support for the project.


The biochar we are anticipating producing would be 80%-90% pure carbon by mass. When you apply this carbon into the soil, it is permanently sequestered and will not re-enter the atmosphere for at least several hundred years. Anecdotal evidence shows that biochar produced 2000 years ago is still stable in the Amazon Rainforest Basin.

In addition to its carbon sequestration potential, biochar provides numerous soil health benefits:

  • Water conservation Biochar holds over two times its weight in water on average. This means you will be utilizing less water to achieve the same level of production in a garden – especially during periods of drought.
  • Enhanced soil structure Biochar helps to stabilize other forms of soil carbon such as compost. Biochar can substantially increase the lifespan of compost or manure in your soil and can help to hold its fertility.
  • Improved composting Co-composting with biochar allows you to “charge” the biochar with the nutrients found in your compost pile. In addition, biochar tends to decrease compost odor and residence time.
  • Healthy soil ecosystem Biochar provides habitat for micro-organisms in the soil, including fungi, bacteria, nematodes, and other soil microbes. A healthy soil ecosystem not only provides a benefit to your garden but has also been shown to further sequester carbon by increasing the biomass in the soil.
  • Soil nutrient retention Biochar’s high surface area helps your soil to retain nutrients. Biochar also holds an electrical charge, which can substantially raise your soil’s Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC), an important indicator of soil fertility.
  • Contaminant reduction Biochar has been shown to decrease the mobility and bioavailability of lead and cadmium, especially at higher application rates. These heavy metals are toxic when present in high amounts in soils. Biochar can help with contaminated site remediation.


Biochar application is simple:

Biochar is usually applied with compost and is integrated into the top 6-8” of soil. It is important to apply biochar on a calm day as it can be blown away in Nebraska’s strong winds.

Biochar should be applied at about 8-10 tons per acre as a final rate. This is best achieved by applying biochar several seasons in a row.

For More Information

For more information or to find out how you may obtain biochar, please contact:

Frank Uhlarik
Sustainability and Compliance Administrator